IAS 10300 Prof. Stephen Levine
Part I Identifications: 10 for 4 points each (40 points)
Fifteen of the following 20 items will be on the exam. You will be asked to identify 10 of them in the following manner. Identify the term (who, what, where, when) in the first sentence, and then explain the importance of the term in a second sentence.
Joint Stock Company Hernan Cortes Martin Luther
Thirty Years War The Columbian Exchange Queen Nzinga
Council of Trent Encomienda Isaac Newton
Louis XIV Hispaniola Middle Passage
Manchus Oloudah Equiano Mestizos
Tokugawa Ieyasu Tainos Hacienda
Ferdinand Magellan Ottoman Empire
Part II Short Essay (30 points) Answer the following question in a short essay of 3 or more blue book pages. You may refer to the Pomeranz book during the exam.
Choose one drug or habit forming food discussed in “the Economic Culture of Drugs”(Pomeranz 77-108) and describe a) how it contributed to the creation of a global economy OR b) how it influenced the development of the places where the product was grown.
Part III Short Essay (30 points) Answer one of the following in a well organized and documented essay of 3 or more blue book pages.
1. Christopher Columbus recommended that Fernando and Isabel focus on converting the people of the Americas, stating that “in a short time you will end up having converted to our Holy Faith a multitude of peoples and acquired large dominions and great riches.” How does this brief statement express the European goals for exploration? Discuss the various reasons why the Europeans engaged in exploration.
2. What developments in European society during the 16th and 17th centuries changed the ways in which people viewed the world, and also laid the foundation for the modern global economy.
3. Describe the workings of the Atlantic slave trade, including its roots in African slavery and the Trans-Saharan slave trade with the Arabs. What specific effects did the Atlantic slave trade have on societies in Africa?
4. In a letter to King George III, the Chinese emperor Qianlong gave specific trade instructions to the English ruler, reminding him to “tremblingly obey and show no negligence!” What does this tell you about China’s position in the world in the late eighteenth century? Why was China so powerful? Was there a danger to China in this attitude?